The command line interface (CLI) is a useful utility for phpBB administrators who have access to a shell (or SSH) on the server they run phpBB on, as well as for extension developers. It provides CLI commands for managing config values, extensions, running database migration, purging the cache, and more.
Most operating systems ship with a built in command line application. For Mac OS and Ubuntu it is called “Terminal” and for Windows it is called “Command Prompt”. Third party software such as PuTTY and iTerm can also be used.
To use phpBB’s CLI on a web server, you will need SSH access to your web server. You can find out from your web hosting company if they offer SSH access and how to log into your web server from the CLI.
Once you have accessed your web server via SSH, or if you are in a localhost development environment, you simply need to navigate to your phpBB forum directory via the
$ cd path/to/phpBB
From there, issuing commands is simply a matter of calling phpBB’s CLI application.
$ php bin/phpbbcli.php
If everything is working correctly, the above command should output information about the currently installed phpBB CLI console. If you receive an error message, make sure you have navigated into the root directory of your forum.
list command will show a list of all available commands available for phpBB’s CLI.
$ php bin/phpbbcli.php list
help command will display general help for using phpBB’s CLI.
$ php bin/phpbbcli.php help
All phpBB commands (as described when running the
list command) have integrated help documentation available within the CLI. Use the
-h option with any of phpBB’s CLI commands to view detailed help for that command.
$ php bin/phpbbcli.php config:set --help
The above command will display information about the arguments and options that can be used with the specified command, in this example
config:set. For example, the above command will output:
Usage: config:set [-d|--dynamic] key value
Arguments or options shown inside of brackets indicates that they are optional to use. This shows us that the
value arguments are required. However, the
--dynamic options available for this command are optional. Also note that
-d is shorthand for
--dynamic. Most options have a shorthand equivalent.
Common options that can be used with any of phpBB’s CLI commands.
|–help (-h)||Display a help message|
|–quiet (-q)||Do not output any message|
|–verbose (-v,-vv,-vvv)||Increase the verbosity of messages: 1 for normal output, 2 for more verbose output and 3 for debug|
|–version (-V)||Display this application version|
|–ansi||Force ANSI (colors) output|
|–no-ansi||Disable ANSI (colors) output|
|–no-interaction (-n)||Do not ask any interactive question|
|–safe-mode||Run in Safe Mode (without extensions)|
Install phpBB using the CLI¶
The phpBB CLI installer uses a YAML file populated with the data needed to configure a database for a new phpBB installation. You can find a sample configuration file in
docs/install-config.sample.yml. Copy this file to
install/install-config.yml. Adjust the sample parameters to your needs. For example, a MySQL database using the
mysqli interface hosted on a
localhost server with the root user
bertie and password
bertiepasswd and named
bertiedb would look like:
installer: admin: name: admin password: mypassword email: firstname.lastname@example.org board: lang: en name: My Board description: My amazing new phpBB board database: dbms: mysqli dbhost: ~ dbport: ~ dbuser: bertie dbpasswd: bertiepasswd dbname: bertiedb table_prefix: phpbb_ email: enabled: false smtp_delivery : ~ smtp_host: ~ smtp_port: ~ smtp_auth: ~ smtp_user: ~ smtp_pass: ~ server: cookie_secure: false server_protocol: http:// force_server_vars: false server_name: localhost server_port: 80 script_path: / extensions: ['phpbb/viglink']
You can adjust additional settings like the admin’s username, email address and the board info. Make sure the file is readable by the CLI.
To install the board, run the following command:
$ php install/phpbbcli.php install install-config.yml
The installer will start now and show its progress during the installation.
Update phpBB using the CLI¶
Much like installing from the CLI, phpBB can also be updated from the CLI using a YAML file with update instructions. You can find a sample update configuration file in
docs/update-config.sample.yml. Copy this file to
updater: type: all extensions: ['phpbb/viglink']
In this state, the updater will update your phpBB database and it will also replace all phpBB files with the updated files, giving you a complete upgrade.
However, if you have already replaced the files via the filesystem or FTP, you can choose to update the database only by changing the
all` to ``db_only:
updater: type: db_only
To update the board, run the following command:
$ php install/phpbbcli.php update update-config.yml
The updater will start and show its progress.